Diabetes: Symptoms, treatment, prevention, and early diagnosis

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Doctors treat diabetes with a few different medications. Some are taken by mouth, while others are available as injections. You’re more likely to get type 1 diabetes if you’re a child or teenager, you have a parent or sibling with the condition, or you carry certain genes that are linked to the disease. Experts suggest that more than 1 in 3 Americans have prediabetes, but over 80% of people with prediabetes don’t even know it. Recommended actions to monitor the trends and determinants of diabetes and evaluate progress in their prevention and control.


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Find out whether you should get tested, and get more information on tests your doctor might perform. In some cases, changing your diet may be enough to manage the disease. The treatment regimen your doctor recommends will depend on the type of diabetes you have and its cause. Your family history, environment, and preexisting medical conditions can all affect your odds of developing diabetes. People who are overweight when they get pregnant or who gain too much weight during pregnancy are more likely to get gestational diabetes. Doctors don’t know exactly what causes type 1 diabetes.

Age, although it can occur at any age there are two noticeable peaks. The first occurs in children between four and seven years of age and the second is between 10 and 14 years old. Diabetes is a chronic, metabolic disease characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose , which leads over time to serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves.

Check out other do’s and don’ts for healthy eating with gestational diabetes. Eating the right types of foods can both manage your blood sugar and help you lose any excess weight. Babies of mothers who have gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life. Sometimes babies of mothers with gestational diabetes develop low blood sugar shortly after birth. This is because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin.

Your physician may also refer you to a specialist if needed. I always encourage patients to see the doctor and remind them that they are there to help you manage your Diabetes. Keep these 5 steps in mind as you make your health goals for optimal diabetes control. The term “type 1 diabetes” has replaced several former terms, including childhood-onset diabetes, juvenile diabetes, and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Likewise, the term “type 2 diabetes” has replaced several former terms, including adult-onset diabetes, obesity-related diabetes, and noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Beyond these two types, there is no agreed-upon standard nomenclature.